1 – SECLUSION – in isolation; being private and away from other people. Vacationing on a small island means we are sure to have quiet and seclusion.
2 – SCARCELY – probably not; hardly. There is scarcely anyone in this office without a smart phone.
3 – SITUATION – the way that something is; the state or condition of something. Don’t make any decisions without first understanding the entire situation.
4 – SOLAR ENERGY – a way to creat energy by using large, flat panels to collect energy from sunligth. The Lopez family put special panels on their roof so that they can use solar energy to heat their water.
5 – STENCH – a very bad smell; a very unpleasant smell. There’s always a stench around that pig farm.
6 – SPECIALIST – a doctor (or others professionals) who specializes in an area of medicine (or another). My doctor said that a specialist would be able to tell me what is wrong with my eye.
7 – SURGERY – When the doctor cuts open or performs some procedure on or in your body. The surgery on her hand went well and she should recover soon.
8 – SECOND OPINION – another opinion or diagnosis. It’s a good idea to get a second opinion just to be sure.
9 – TO SAVE UP – to save a lot of money for some particular purpose; to reduce expenses and put the extra money into an account so that it can be used for a specific purpose in the future. It took them years to save up enough money for a down payment on a new house.
10 – SIGN – zodiac; one of 12 parts of the area where the stars and planets travel, each associated with a name and a symbol, and with certain characteristics. Richard was born on June 15, so his sign is Gemini.
11 – SMOKE AND MIRRORS – a phrase used to describe a situation where what appears to happen is not what actually happens, and one has been deceived, tricked, or lied to, much like what happens when a magician performs. Our competitors used a lot of smoke and mirrors to convince Acme Company to work with them, but Acme will soon realize that they made the wrong decision.
12 – TO SHAKE – to make another person doubt or question his or her biliefs; to make a person less certain about something. When your father died, did it shake your religious beliefs, or strengthem them?
13 – SOFTWARE – a program that is used by a computer. This new publish software is difficult to use and no one feels comfortable with it yet.
14 – TO BE STRETCHED THIN – to have less of something, such as patience or resources, than is needed or required. With so many people left homeless after the bad storm, the city’s resources for temporary housing are stretched very thin.
15 – TO STYLE (ONESELF) – to present oneself a certain way; to pretend that one is something one is not. Kristoff styles himself as an experienced businessman, but the truth is that he has very little professional experience.
16 – TO SWAY – to gently move from side to side, especially when talking about one’s hips. Look at how she’s swaying her hips to get the men’s attention.
17 – TO SHOW OFF – to make something visible to other people so that they can admire it and make one feel good. Jeremiah was trying to show off while playing basketball, but the coach got mad at him for not passing the ball to the other players.
18 – SEAMLESS – very smooth, without any problems, especially referring to where two things join each other. Please practice the introduction so that it is seamless with the rest of your speech.
19 – SYNERGY – cooperation and coordination between two or more people or organizations that produces stronger, better, or more influential results than either of the people or organizations could have achieved alone. The best teams have strong synergy that produces a lot of exciting, creative ideas.
20 – THE SHIRT ON (ONE’S) BACK – a phrase used to talk about losing almost everything one has. Dave sold the shirt on his back to try to keep his restaurant open, but it just wasn’t profitable and he had to close it.
21 – SECTION 8 HOUSING – housing where part of the rental payment is paid directtly to landlords by the government for low-income people and families. If you live in Section 8 housing, you may get some or all of your electric and gas bills paid for.
22 – TO SNAP AT (SOMEONE) – to say something in an angry way, without thinking about it first; to have a short temper and speak in an angry way. I know your’re upset about losing the client, but please don’t snap at us.
23 – STIMULANT – a food, medicine, or chemical substance that makes one’s body stay awake and become more alert and active. Some people have trouble falling asleep at night if they drink coffee or a similar stimulant in the evening.
24 – TO STAY AWAKE – to not allow oneself to fall asleep when one is very tired and/or at a time when one would normally be asleep. It must be hard for security guards to stay awake all night.
25 – SNACK – a small amount of food eaten between meals. Craig always prepares healthy snacks for his children to eat after school, like apple slices or carrot sticks.
26 – SICK – ill; not feeling well; with a could, flu, or other illness. Our employees have eight paid sick days each year.
27 – SECURE CHECK-IN/CHECK-OUT SYSTEM – a way to place children in a program and take them out at the end of each day that guarantees their safety, making sure that a responsible adult is aware of their presence and that only authorized individuals can pick up the children. The gym offers childcare with a secure check-in/check-out system. When you drop off your kids, they give you and your children matching bracelets, and the only way you can pick up your children is if you’re still wearing that bracelet.
28 – TO STEP DOWN – to voluntarily leave a position of responsability, allowing someone else to have that role. As Orlando got older, he began thinking about stepping down from his position as CEO to let a younger executive gain leadership experience.
29 – TO SKIP TOWN – to leave town without telling anyone, usually leaving behind debts or responsibilities. Carlita’s husband skipped town owing a lot of money to her brother.
30 – SIXTH SENSE – an intuitive feeling; a feeling about something, even though the reason for having that feeling cannot be explained. Damon has a sixth sense about who is telling the truth and who is lying.
31 – TO SOUND THE ALARM – to alert other people to a problem or danger; to let others know of a bad or dangerous situation. Let’s keep this quiet and avoid sounding the alarm for as long as possible.
32 – STYLISH – fashionable; trendy; describing clothing or accessories that most people agree look good. Where did you buy that stylish purse?
33 – TO SHOW UP – to appear, especially unexpectedly or when one does not know how many will appear. How many people showed up at the press conference?
34 – SPEEDY – rapid; quick; not taking very long; happening soon. Thanks for sending such a speedy reply to our note.
35 – SPICY – with a burning hot flavor, usually produced by hot peppers. Candee doesn’t like spicy foods, so please don’t use pepper in the soup.
36 – TO STAY ACTIVE – to use one’s body for physical activities, especially to maintain or improve one’s health. What can we do to encourage people to stay active after they’ve broken a hip?
37 – TO SIT AROUND – to spend time in a place without any particular purpose, maybe bored and not interested in anything. I’m tired of sitting around and watching TV. Let’s go hiking instead!
38 – STARVE A FEVER, FEED A COLD – a phrase reflecting a traditional belief that someone who has a fever (a high temperature caused by illness) should not eat, and someone who has a cold (a stuffy or runny nose and/or a cough) should eat a lot of food to get better. When Hank started to sneeze, he ordered two large pizzas, saying, “Starve a fever, feed a cold!”.
39 – SORE – describing a body part that hurts and is producing pain. Olivia ran for the first time in months, and her legs were sore the next day.
40 – TO SPREAD GOOD CHEER – to be happy and make other people feel happy through what one says and does. Each year around Christmas time, they deliver cookies to all their neighbors as a way to spread good cheer.
41 – TO SPARE (SOMEONE) – to stop doing something to someone; to stop giving someone a certain kind of information or explanation, because he or she finds it unpleasant or boring. Please, spare me the lecture. I know smoking is dangerous, but I just can’t stop.
42 – TO SLAM – to close very noisily, with a lot of force. Please don’t slam the door when you leave. The baby is sleeping.
43 – SHIPPING – the process and costs associated with mailing a purchased product from the manufacturer or store to the buyer. Shipping is a huge cost for companies that sell heavy products made from metal or stone.
44 – TO SNAG (SOMETHING) – to buy something at a very low price; to get something in a very luck way. We snagged this gorgeous bedroom furniture for just $100 at a garage sale.
45 – TO SNEAK IN – to do something secretly in a hidden and unnoticed way when one does not want to be seen. The little boy snuck into the kitchen and stole some cookies.
46 – TO SNIPE – to place the highest bid immediately before an auction ends so that does one can buy the item. I was the highest bidder for the last 20 minutes, but in the last few seconds someone sniped me.
47 – SCREW – a long piece of metal that has a spiral pattern around it, with a flat top that has a groove (long, narrow deep line), so that a screwdriver can be inserted into it and it can be turned and pushed into another object to connect two things. To change the battery, you’ll need to remove this screw and open the case.
48 – SCREWDRIVER – a tools with a plastic handle and a long metal piece that has a flat or x-shaped end, used to twist and push screws. Do you have a really small screwdriver that I can use to fix my glasses?